Before 1949, Tianjin's education developed slowly, and by 1948, there are only 479 schools, 156 thousand students and 7 thousand teachers in Tianjin. The rate of school attendance among all school-agers is only 33.2%, on the contrary, the rate of illiterates among rural and urban people is above 80%.
After 1949, when People's Republic of China was founded, Tianjin's education grew vigorously and formed an integrated educational system from elementary education to higher education progressively, including preschool education, special education, adult education and cadre education. In the early of the 90's, there are 11,957 schools, 1.894 million students and 126 thousand teachers in Tianjin. The rate of school attendance among all school-agers reached 99.9%, and the rate of illiterates among young people dropped to less than 0.1%.
During the 40 years from 1949 to 1991, all types of schools in Tianjin have trained 824 thousand various qualified technicians.
Entering 90's, Tianjin stepped up reform in education and made great progress not only in the reformation in some fields such as schools running, schools management, socialization of rear service in schools, enrollment system and job-assignment system for graduating students; but also in quickening the adjustment of educational structure, improving educational quality and conditions of running schools, optimizing the teaching stuff, as well as perfecting the supervision system.
* Major Universities and Colleges in Tianjin:
Tianjin Normal University
Tianjin Foreign Language Studies University
Tianjin Medical University
Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
Tianjin University of Finance and Economics
Tianjin University of Commerce
Tianjin Agricultural College
Tianjin Art Institute
Tianjin Conservatory of Music
Tianjin Physical Culture Institute